Alcohol and drugs abuse have devastating effects when overused by individuals especially those using more than one substance in combination such as marijuana, cocaine, and heroin. The treatment of the health hazards posed by their abuse involves counseling by a health professional. Again, detoxification programs are carried out in hospitals for addicts that need more treatment and assistance. Medications are provided aimed at mitigating the desire to drink.
The frequent use of alcohol and drugs has severe effects on the body circulatory system, kidneys, lungs, liver, stomach, mouth, and the brain. At the mouth, when alcohol content is high, it affects the sensitive parts and becomes irritated and continuous use of alcohol leads to cancer. At the stomach, alcohol cause overproduction of the stomach juices, therefore, decreasing appetite and leads to malnutrition.
Again, overdrinking of alcohol increases the flowing of gastric juice in the stomach. The increased gastric juice combines with alcohol thereby leading to irritation of the stomach lining leading to ulcers. On the other hand, when gastric juice and alcohol concentration goes high, they trigger the reflex action of vomiting as the only way the body relieves itself from irritations.
On the circulatory system, alcohol is not a digested substance in the body. Therefore, when it gets into the stomach, it is absorbed quickly and distributed evenly throughout the body. As a result, it dilates blood vessels and causes increased blood flow to the skin surface, heat loss and high-temperature loss and blood pressure drop significantly. This affects the normal functioning of the body.
When alcohol and drugs get to the brain, its potential ability to the normal functioning of the body and control of behavior is mainly affected. Therefore, the level of making ethical judgments is affected. Emotions as well are affected due to increased relaxation and talking excessively. Further, the reaction time is reduced; body coordination, vision, speech, perception, and self-control are affected significantly.
The kidneys are not exceptional to alcohol and drugs effects. Alcohol increases the urine formation therefore frequent urination by the users. Frequent urination, on the other hand, causes body dehydration. The lungs as well are affected as alcohol when in a gaseous state is inhaled and directly goes to the bloodstream. This reduces the normal functioning of the lungs.
Alcohol and drugs damage the liver as it reduces the capacity of the liver to breakdown fats that collect in the liver; however when drinking stops the normal functioning is recovered. Too much use of alcohol destroys liver tissues replacing them with scar tissues.